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Anatomy of a deck - Deck Terms and Descriptions

 

 

Footings - The foundation that supports the deck. The footings are usually made of concrete and extend below the frost line.  

 

Post - Vertical lumber that rests on the footing and supports the girder and deck.

 

Post base - Metal brackets to securely fastens the bottom of the post to the footings.

 

Girder - A lateral support beam the floor joist rests on.  The girder spans the support post which rests on the footings.

 

Joist - The lumber that makes up the substructure of the floor. The joist rests on the girder and the deck boards are attached to the joist.

 

Ledger Board - The board which is attached to the house and the joist ends connect to.  Usually it supports a side of the deck.

 

Arbors - A structure that can be used for hanging plants or vines.

 

Flashing - A material (usually metal) that is attached to the house and behind the ledger board.  Flashing prevents water from entering the house.

 

Bridging - Blocking that is used between joists as added support to prevent the joist from shifting and twisting.

 

Fascia - A board that is attached to the front and sides of the deck.  A fascia covers the rim joist and sometimes the ends of the deck boards.

 

Riser - The vertical rise that 's between steps of a staircase.

Tread - The surface board of a step or stairs that is stepped on.

 

Stringer - The support frame of  stairs where the risers and treads attached to.

 

Trellis - An overhead wood structure that is usually constructed for a decorative look as well as a sun and wind screen.

 

Decking - The floor boards of a deck.  The decking or deck boards attach directly to the floor joist.

 

Hangers - Metal brackets used to support and secure the joist ends to the ledger board.

 

Lattice - An openwork structure of cross strips used as a screen.

 

Skirt - The section that hangs below the deck and covers the underneath.

 

Spindles - Sometimes called balusters.  They are the vertical parts of a railing between the post.

 

Rails - Rails are the top or bottom horizontal members that the spindles  are attached to.  The rails span between the posts of the railing.

 

Post tops - A decorative top that can be added to a railing post.

 

Railing post - Vertical members that are used to support the railing.

 

Awning - An overhead covering to provide shade and protection from the weather.