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Anatomy of a deck - Deck Terms and Descriptions
Footings - The foundation that supports the deck. The footings are usually made of concrete and extend below the frost line.
Post - Vertical lumber that rests on the footing and supports the girder and deck.
Post base - Metal brackets to securely fastens the bottom of the post to the footings.
Girder - A lateral support beam the floor joist rests on. The girder spans the support post which rests on the footings.
Joist - The lumber that makes up the substructure of the floor. The joist rests on the girder and the deck boards are attached to the joist.
Ledger Board - The board which is attached to the house and the joist ends connect to. Usually it supports a side of the deck.
Arbors - A structure that can be used for hanging plants or vines.
Flashing - A material (usually metal) that is attached to the house and behind the ledger board. Flashing prevents water from entering the house.
Bridging - Blocking that is used between joists as added support to prevent the joist from shifting and twisting.
Fascia - A board that is attached to the front and sides of the deck. A fascia covers the rim joist and sometimes the ends of the deck boards.
Riser - The vertical rise that 's between steps of a staircase.
Tread - The surface board of a step or stairs that is stepped on.
Stringer - The support frame of stairs where the risers and treads attached to.
Trellis - An overhead wood structure that is usually constructed for a decorative look as well as a sun and wind screen.
Decking - The floor boards of a deck. The decking or deck boards attach directly to the floor joist.
Hangers - Metal brackets used to support and secure the joist ends to the ledger board.
Lattice - An openwork structure of cross strips used as a screen.
Skirt - The section that hangs below the deck and covers the underneath.
Spindles - Sometimes called balusters. They are the vertical parts of a railing between the post.
Rails - Rails are the top or bottom horizontal members that the spindles are attached to. The rails span between the posts of the railing.
Post tops - A decorative top that can be added to a railing post.
Railing post - Vertical members that are used to support the railing.
Awning - An overhead covering to provide shade and protection from the weather.